DAKAR: An outbreak of Ebola in West Africa has been linked to the deaths of more than 120 people, according to the latest World Health Organization count. There is no vaccine and no cure for the deadly virus, and its appearance in West Africa, far from its usual sites in Central and East Africa, has caused some panic. Health workers are trying to contain its spread, tracking down anyone with whom the sick have had contact. Mali announced yesterday that samples from all its suspected cases had tested negative for the disease. Malian Health Minister Ousmane Kone said that the country had sent out 10 samples for testing at labs in the United States and Senegal, and all were declared negative for Ebola. There are no other known suspected cases in the country. As of Monday, the UN health agency said it had recorded a total of 200 suspected or confirmed cases of Ebola, the majority of which are in Guinea. That figure includes some of the Mali cases that the government now says are negative. The organization said the deaths of 121 people in Guinea and Liberia have been linked to the disease. Officials have said the current outbreak could last months.
Deadly virus Meanwhile, the Gambia has banned flights from Ebola-hit west African countries from landing in its territory, airport officials told AFP yesterday. Staff at Banjul International Airport said on condition of anonymity that President Yahya Jammeh had ordered airlines to cancel all flights from Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone in a bid to prevent the spread of the deadly virus. “This decision by the Gambian authorities has left prospective passengers travelling to Banjul … stranded in these west African countries,” said an airport official, speaking on condition of anonymity. “Brussels Airlines, which transits in Freetown from Europe, is only allowed to drop passengers there, but not pick anyone up.” The outbreak in Guinea is one of the most deadly in history, with 168 cases “clinically compatible” with Ebola virus disease reported, including 108 deaths, since the start of the year, according to the World Health Organization. The outbreak began in the impoverished country’s southern forests, but has spread to Conakry, a sprawling port city on the Atlantic coast and home to two million people Neighbouring Liberia has reported 20 probable or suspected cases, six lab-confirmed cases and 13 deaths. Mali also has suspected cases but does not appear to have been targeted for any kind of restrictions by the Gambia, although there are no direct flights between the two countries. There was no immediate official confirmation of the ban from the Gambia but an airport worker told AFP a letter dated April 10 enforcing the measures had been sent to airlines while Sierra Leone’s government said it was in talks with Banjul over the issue.
Sanctions It was not immediately clear if sanctions were being threatened against airlines or airport authorities for ignoring the ban. “I went to the Gambia Bird office in the Greater Banjul area to purchase an air ticket for my elder brother currently in Sierra Leone but was informed by the travel agent that they are not selling tickets to passengers travelling from Monrovia and Freetown,” Banjul resident Nyima Sanneh told AFP. “I was told that my brother should instead board a flight to Dakar and later to Banjul. My brother and his colleagues are currently stranded in Monrovia.” Sierra Leone, has no living suspected cases, although two probable victims died and were buried before they could be tested. The country said it was not questioning the Gambia’s right to take action but had no idea of the rationale behind the decision. “The government of Sierra Leone is currently engaging the Gambian government on the issue and providing all details of the surveillance system put in effect against the disease,” said government spokesman Abdulai Bayratay. “We still have no confirmed laboratory test of any Ebola outbreak here and this has been certified by the WHO, working with our health teams. “Sierra Leonean air passengers are travelling freely to Britain, Belgium and all over the world without hindrance.”
Business ‘near ruin’ Witnesses at Freetown’s Lungi International Airport told AFP around 100 Sierra Leoneans, mostly traders, had been planning trips to the Gambia but had seen their flights cancelled. “My business in now near ruin. I have accepted money from people planning for a wedding and I was due to return in few days time to deliver the goods but with the ban now on, I am in a jam,” textile trader Alimamy Turay told AFP. The Gambia, a country of about 1.8 million, is a finger of territory flanking the Gambia River, with Senegal on either side and a narrow Atlantic coastline. Jammeh, 48, is often pilloried for taking unilateral and seemingly impetuous decisions as well as for rights abuses and the muzzling of the press. In March, he said the former British colony would be dropping English as its official language and in 2008, he gave an ultimatum to gays and lesbians to leave his country, saying he would “cut off the head” of any homosexual found in the Gambia. Two years later, the European Union cancelled 22 million euros ($30 million) of aid because of concerns over human rights and governance issues.—Agencies
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